Human Development Faculty Intranet

This webpage contains information for faculty teaching courses in Human Development. Suggestions for readings, activities and films are included.

HDEV 307I: Approaches to Childhood and Adolescence

HDEV 307I Readings (By Author)

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Ainsworth, M. Infant-mother attachment. In Development in Infancy. Selection 17, pp. 104-109.

Anastasi, A. (1985). Heredity, environment, and the question “how?”, in Classic Edition Sources. Human Development, 3rd ed. Rhett Diessner, Ed. 

Anderson, K.J. & Cavallaro, D. Parents or Pop Culture? Children’s heroes and role models. Pp.177-184.

Author unknown. (1995). The body by the river: youth movies and the adult gaze. Westview Press.

Author unknown. Gender separation: Why and how. Ch. 4.

Author unknown. The cross-cultural comparison of birthing systems. Toward a biosocial analysis. Ch. 3, pp. 45-90.

Author unknown. An ethnography of Contemporary Maya Childbirth in Yucatan. Ch. 2, pp. 15-43.

Balle-Jensen, L., Goldstein, W. Who sleeps with whom revisited. Pp. 47-73.

Balle-Jensen, L & Goldstein, W.  (2003)  What about female genital mutilation? And why understanding culture matters. Chapter in R.A.  Shweder (ed.), Why Do Men Barbecue? (pp. 168-216).  Cambridge, MA:  Harvard University Press.

what is wrong with female genital mutilation

 

Bandura, A., Ross, D. & Ross, S. Imitation of film-medicated aggressive models. Selection 21 from Development in Early Childhood. Pp. 121-125.

Baumrind, D. Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Selection 22 in Development in Early Childhood. Pp 126-132.

Benedict, R. (1938). Continuities and discontinuities in cultural conditioning. In Personality in Nature, Society and Culture. C. Kluckhohn & H.A. Murray (eds.), New York: Alfred Knopf, pp. 414-423.

Berk, L.E. (2003). Cognitive development: Piagetian core knowledge, and Vygotskian Perspectives. Chapter in L. E. Berk, Child Development (pp. 216-267). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Berry, J.W., et al. (2002). Cross-Cultural Psychology. Research and Applications. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, pp. 73-85.

Blyth Whiting, B. & Pope Edwards, C. A cross-cultural analysis of sex differences in the behavior of children aged three through eleven. Selection 28 from Social and Personality Development in Middle Childhood. Pp. 155-163.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment, Attachment and Loss. Volume 1. Pp. 210-228.

Brice Heath, R. (1982). What no bed time story means: Narrative skills at home and school. Language in Society, 11. Pp. 49-76.

Brooks-Gunn, J. & Duncan, G.J. (2003). The effects of poverty on children. Chapter in E.N. Junn and C.J. Boyatzis (eds.) Child Growth and Development. Guilford, CN: McGraw Hill. Pp. 190-202.

Bruner, J.S. (1983). From communicating to talking. In Child’s Talk: Learning to Use Language, 1983, W.W. Norton Company, Inc.

Cohen, J. Grade A: The Market for a Yale Woman’s Eggs. Pp. 22-25.

Cole, M. & Cole S. (2005). The study of human development. Chapter in Child Development (pp.1-40). New York, NY: Worth.
The study of human development part1
Cole, M. & Cole S. (2005). Prenatal development and birth. Chapter in Child Development (pp.71-108). New York, NY: Worth.
The study of human development part1

Conlin, M. The New Gender Gap. From Kindergarten to Grad School Boys are Becoming the Second Sex. Pp. 80-86.

Coontz, S. (1992). Bra-burners and family bashers: Feminism, working women, consumerism,and the family. In The Way We Never Were: American Families and the Nostalgia Trap. Basic Books. Pp. 149-179.

Coontz, S. (1992). Pregnant girls, wilding boys, crack babies, and the underclass: the myth of black family collapse. (Ch. 10). In The Way We Never Were: American Families and the Nostalgia Trap. Basic Books. Pp. 232-254.

Coontz, S. (1998). How ignoring historical and societal change puts kids at risk. The Way We Really Are: Coming to Terms with America’s Changing Families. Basic Books. Pp.141-156.

Cowley, S. (2000). The language Explosion. Chapter in K. L. Frieberg (Ed), Human Development (pp.68-70). Guilford, CN: McGraw Hill.
The language explosion

Crain, W.C. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice Hall. Pp. 118-136.

Damon, W. The Moral Development of Children. Pp. 155-161.

Darwin, C. (1877) A biographical sketch of an infant. In The Darwin Reader, M. Bates & P.S. Humphrey (eds.), Charles Sribner’s Sons (1956). Pp. 403-411.

Deane, D. (2001). The little emperors. Chapter In S. Hirschberg & T. Hirschberg (Eds.). One World, Many Cultures (pp 57-68). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
The little emperors

Demos, J. & Demos, V. Adolescence in historical perspective. Pp. 209-221.

Duncan, G.J. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). Family poverty, welfare reform, and child development. Child Development, 71(1). Pp. 188-196. Eriksson, C.B. & Rupp, E.A. Bereavement in a War Zone: Liberia in the 1990s. Pp. 87-98.

Erickson, E.H. (1963). Childhood and Society. W.W. Norton Company. Pp. 132-149, 247-274.

Eriksson, C.B. & Rupp, E.A. (2002).  Bereavement in a war zone:  Liberia in the 1990’s.  Chapter in J. Marten (ed.), Children and War (pp.  87-98).  New York:  New York University Press.
Bereavement in a war zone
Erikson, Erik.  (1950). “Eight Ages of Man” in Childhood and Society.  W. W. Norton Co.: New York.  247-273.

Flanagan, C. (2004). Bringing up baby. The New Yorker, Nov 15. Pp. 46-51.

Freud, S. Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. W.W. Norton & Company. Pp. 397-420.

Freud, S. Children’s dreams. In Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. Pp. 155-166.

Freud, S. The sexual life of human beings. In Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. Pp. 375-396.

Freud, S. The development of the sexual function. Selection 1 from The Grand Theories. Pp. 1-3.

Gesell, A., et al. (1943). Infant and Child in the Culture of Today. The Guidance of Development in Home and Nursery School. Harper & Brothers Publisher. Pp. 123-130.

Giroux, H.AStealing Innocence: The Politics of Child Beauty Pageants. Pp.265-282.

Gilbert, J. (1986). A Cycle of Outrage. Oxford University Press. Pp. 62-78.

Goleman, D.  (2003). What’s Your Emotional IQ?  Chapter in N. Gould and A. Arkoff (Eds.), Psychology and Personal Growth (pp. 252-255).  Boston, MA:  Allyn and Bacon.

whats your emotional iq

Gould, L. X: A Fabulous Child’s Story. Pp. 42-47.

Hall, G.S. (1904). Pre-adolescence. In Youth: Its Education, Regimen and Hygiene. New York: D. Appleton and Company. Pp 1-6.

Harter, S., et al. The Development of Multiple Role-Related Selves During Adolescence. Pp. 111-119. 

Haskins, V., Jacobs, M.D. Stolen Generations and Vanishing Indians: The Removal of Indigenous Children as a Weapon of War in the United States and Australia, 1870-1940. Ch. 17.

Heath, Shirley Brice.  (1982).  “What no Bedtime Story Means: Narrative Skills at Home and School.” in Language in Society 11: 49-76.  [READER]
What no bedtime story means

Hebdige, D. Subcultures: The Meaning of Style. Pp. 90-112.

Hewlett, B.S. The cultural nexus of a.k.a. father-infant bonding. In Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective, 2nd ed. C.B. Brettell  & C.F. Sargent (eds.), Prentice Hall. Pp. 42-53.

Hochschild, A.R. (2003). Love and gold. In The Commercialization of Intimate Life. University of California Press. Pp. 185- 197.

Hyde, J. S.(1985) Half the Human Experience. (pp. 49-55) Lexington, MA: Heath and Company.
Half the human experience

Jacobs Brumberg, J. (1997) The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Random House: New York.

Jordan, B.  (1993). Birth in Four Cultures:  A Crosscultural Investigation of Childbirth in Yucatan, Holland, Sweden, and the United States.  Chapters 2 and 3 (pp. 15-24).  Prospect Heights, IL:  Waveland Press, Inc.   
Kagan, J.  (2001).  Temperament and the reactions to unfamiliarity.  Chapter in M. Gauvain, M. & Cole, M. (Eds.), Readings on the Development of Children (pp. 63-67).

Temperament and the reactions to

Kazdin, A. E. & Benjet, C. (2004). Spanking children: Evidence and issues. In Annual Editions: Child Growth and Development. McGraw-Hill. Pp. 134-137.

Katz, C. Growing Up Global: Economic Restructuring and Children’s Everyday Lives. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, London. Pp. ix-93, 166-183.

Kegan, R. (2006). The Evolving Self: Problem and Process in Human Development. Harvard University Press. Pp. 73-110.

Kimball, D.S. (ed.). Health in childhood. In The Book of Popular Science, Volume 5. The Grolier Society Inc. Pp. 1907-1913.

Kimmel, M.S., & Mahler, M.  (2003). Adolescent masculinity,  

homophobia, and violence.  American Behavioral Scientist, 46, 1439-1458.

adolescent masculinity

Kirn, W. & Cole, W. What Ever Happened to Play?

Kline, S. (1998). The making of children’s culture. In The Children’s Culture Reader, Jenkins, H. (ed.), New York University Press. Pp. 95-109.

Kohlberg, L. The child as a moral philosopher. Selection 5 from The Grand Theories. Pp. 21-27.

Lancy, D.F. (1977). The play behavior of Kpelle children during rapid cultural change. In The Study of Play: Problems and Prospects. D.F. Lancy & B.A. Tindall (eds.), Leisure Press.

Lipsitz, G. (1998). The hip hop hearings: Censorship, social memory, and intergenerational tensions among African Americans. In Generations of Youth, J. Austin and M. Willard (eds.). New York University Press. Pp. 395-411.

Lowenhaupt Tsing, A. (2001) Monster stories: Women charged with prenatal endangerment. In Uncertain Terms, Ginsburg, F. & Lowenhaupt Tsing, A. (eds). Beacon Press. Pp. 283-299.

Lowenthal, B. (2003). Effects of maltreatment and ways to promote children’s resiliency. Chapter in K.L. Frieberg (Ed.) Human Development. Pp. 121-125. Guilford, CN: McGraw Hill.

Maier, H.W. (1988). Three Theories of Child Development. Harper & Row, Publishers. Pp. 144-176.

Males, M. (1996). Scapegoat Generation. Common Courage Press.

Marcia, J.E. Development and validation of ego-identity status. Selection 32 from Social and Personality Development in Adolescence. Pp. 183-189.

Marx, K. (1845). Excerpts from the German ideology. In The Marx-Engels Reader. M. Bates & P. Humphrey (eds.), W.W. Norton and Co. (1978). Pp. 149-163.

Masland, T. Voices of the children: we beat and killed people.

McClelland, D.C. (1999). The Achieving Society. D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. Pp. 36-62.

Meadows, S. (2003).  Meet the GAMMA girls. Chapter in K.L. Frieberg (Ed.), Human Development (pp. 128- 133). Guilford, CN:  McGraw Hill.

Meet the gamma girls

Michaels, S. (1981). “Sharing time”: children’s narrative styles and differential access to literacy. Language in Society, 10.  Pp. 423-442.

Morrison, A., & Shaffer, L. (2002).  At a loss for words. Chapter in A. Morrison and L. Shaffer (Eds.), Research Stories for Lifespan Development (pp. 171-180).  Boston, MA:  Allyn and Bacon.
At a loss for words
Morrison, A., & Shaffer, L. (2002).  Drinking without thinking. Chapter in A. Morrison and L. Shaffer (Eds.), Research Stories for Lifespan Development (pp. 22- 30).  Boston, MA:  Allyn and Bacon.

Drinking without thinking

Morrison, A. & Shaffer, L. (2002). Drinking without thinking. Chapter in A. Morrison and L. Shaffer (eds.), Research Stories for Lifespan Human Development.  Boston, MA: Allyn  and Bacon. Pp. 22-30.

Morrison, A., & Shaffer, L. (2002).  Spare the rod. Chapter in A. Morrison and L. Shaffer (Eds.), Research Stories forLifespan Development (pp. 86-97).  Boston, MA:  Allyn and Bacon.
Spare the rod
Neisser, U. et al. G. (2001). Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns.  Chapter in M. Gauvain, M. & Cole, M. (Eds.), Readings on the Development of Children (pp.221-238).

Intelligence

Ochs, E. & Schieffelin, B.B. (2003). Language acquisition and socialization. In Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self, and Emotion, R.A. Shewder, R.A. LeVine (eds.), Cambridge University Press. Pp. 276-320.

Ogbu, J.U. (1994). From cultural differences to differences in cultural frame of reference. In Cross-Cultural Roots of Minority Child Development, Greenfield, P., Cocking (eds.), Lawerence Erlbaum Associates. Pp. 365-391.

Paley, V. (1984). Boys and Girls: Superheroes in the Dolls Corner. Rutgers University Press. Pp.1-33.

Phinney, J.S. & Devich-Navarro, M. Variations in Bicultural Identification Among African American and Mexican American Adolescents. Pp. 120-130.

Piaget, J. The genetic approach to the psychology of thought. Selection 2 from The Grand Theories. Pp. 4-8.

Piaget, J. Conservation of continuous quantities. Selection 25 from Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood. Pp. 142-145.

Piaget, J. The co-ordination of perspectives. Selection 18 from Development in Early Childhood. Pp. 111-114.

Pierce, A.R. Who’s Raising Baby? Challenges to Modern-Day Parenting. Pp. 41-45.

Postman, N. (1994). The Disappearance of Childhood. Vintage books. Pp. 3-36.

Queen, S.A., Habenstein, R.W. & Adams, J.B. The Family in Various Cultures.  J.B. Lippincott Company. Pp. 1-17.

Queen, S.A., Habenstein, R.W. & Adams, J.B. Transition to the present. In The Family in Various Cultures. S.A. Queen, R.W. Habenstein, & J.B. Adams. J.B. Lippincott Company. Pp. 301-310.

Rae-Espinoza, H. Devoted abandonment in Ecuador: Conflicting contexts of adaptation for the children left behind by parental emigration. University of California, San Diego. Pp. 1-7.

Rogoff, B. & Morelli, G. (2001). Perspectives on children’s development from cultural psychology.  Chapter in M. Gauvain, M. & Cole, M. (Eds.), Readings on the Development of Children (pp. 9-16).
Perspectives on children's development

Saitoti, T. The Initiation of a Maasai Warrior. Pp. 145-149.

Scarr, S. (1998). American child care today. American Psychologist, 53(2).  Pp. 95-108.

Scheper-Hughes, N. Lifeboat ethics: mother love and child death in northeast Brazil. In Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective, 2nd ed. C.B. Brettell  & C.F. Sargent, Prentice Hall. Pp. 36-42.

Schrag, P. (2003).  High stakes are for tomatoes. Chapter in K.L. Frieberg (Ed.), Human Development (pp. 70-73). Guilford, CN:  McGraw Hill.

High stakes for tomotoes

Scheper-Hughes, N. Lifeboat ethics: Mother love and child death in northeast Brazil. In Biology, Gender, and Human Evolution. Pp. 38-44.

Scheper-Hughes, N. Death Without Weeping. Pp. 100-104.

Schor, J.B. (2005). Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child and the New Consumer Culture. Scribner. Pp. 141-175.

Schwartzman, Helen B.  (1977).  “Children’s Play: A Sideways Glance at Make-Believe” in The Study of Pay: Problems and Prospects.  Leisure Press: West Point.  pp. 208-213. 

Shweder, R.A. (2003). “What about female genital mutilation?” and why understanding culture matters. In Why Do Men Barbecue? Recipes for Cultural Psychology. Harvard University Press. Pp. 169-216.

Shweder, R.A, Balle-Jensen, L., & Goldstein, W. (2003). Who sleeps by whom revisited. In Why Do Men Barbecue? Recipes for Cultural Psychology. Harvard University Press. Pp. 46-73.

Simmons, A.M. Where Fat is a Mark of Beauty. Pp. 143-144.

Small, M.F. Our Babies, Ourselves. Pp. 105-111.

Small, M.F. How Many Fathers are Best for a Child? Pp. 186-188.

Spiro, M.E. (1997). Gender Ideology and Psychological Reality. Yale University Press. Pp. 1-10.

Spiro, M.E. (1954). Is the family universal? American Anthropologist, New Series, 56(5).  Pp. 839-846.

Springen, K. (2003).  Raising a moral child.  Chapter in K.L. Frieberg (Ed.), Human Development (pp. 56-57). Guilford, CN:  McGraw Hill.

Raising a moral child

Stack, C. (1974). Domestic networks: “Those you count on”. In Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective. C. Brettell & C. Sargent (eds.), Prentice Hall (2003). Pp. 361-371.

Stearns, P. (2003). The vulnerable child. In Anxious Parents: A History of Modern Childrearing In America. New York University Press. Pp. 470-475.

Stromberg, L. Boy in the Blue Tutu. Pp. 40-41.

Talbot, M. Girls Just Want to Be Mean. Pp. 86-93.

Terry, J. “Momism” and the Making of Treasonous Homosexuals.

Thomas, A., Chess, S, & Birch, H.G. The origin of personality. Selection 15 from Genes and Environmental Influence. Pp. 92-96.

Thorne, B. (1993). Boys and girls: Together but mostly apart. In Gender Play: Girls and Boys in School . B. Thorne (author). Rutgers University Press. Pp. 29-47.

Thorne, B. (1993). Gender separation: why and how. In Gender Play: Girls and Boys in School. B. Thorne (author). Rutgers University Press. Pp. 49-61.

Tobin, J.J., Wu, D.Y.H., & Davidson, D.H. (1991). Preschool in Three Cultures. Yale University Press. Pp. 188-221.

Toth, J. Orphans of the Living: Stories of America’s Children in Foster Care. Simon & Schuster. Pp. 17-25.

Veale, A., Taylor, M., & Linehan, C. (2000). Psychological perspective of ‘abandoned’ and ‘abandoning’ street children (Chapter 8). In  Abandoned Children, C. Panter-Brick & M.T. Smith (eds.), Cambridge University Press. Pp. 131-145.

Watson, J.B. (1928). Against the threat of mother love. In The Children’s Culture Reader, Jenkins, H. (ed.), New York University Press. Pp. 470-475.

Wertham, F. (1998). Such trivia as comic books. In Children’s Culture Reader. H. Jenkins (ed.) New York University Press. Pp. 486-493.

Weisner, T.S. & Gallimore, R. (1977). My brother’s keeper: Child and sibling caretaking. Current Anthropology 18(2). Pp. 169-190.

Werner, E.E. (1998). Children of the garden island. Chapter from J.S. DeLoache, S.C. Mangelsdorf, E. Pomerantz (eds.), Current Readings in Child Development. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Pp. 2-6.

Winner, E. Giftedness: Current Theory and Research.

Zelizer, V. (1998). From useful to useless: Moral conflict over child labor. In The Children’s Culture Reader, Jenkins, H. (ed.), New York University Press. Pp. 81-94.

HDEV 357I: Approaches to Adulthood and Aging

HDEV 357I Readings (By Author)

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“Class in America: Shadowy Lines that Still Divide.” New York Times, Class Matter Series, Summer 2005.

“Life at the Top in America Isn’t Just Better, It’s Longer.” New York Times, Class Matter Series, Summer 2005.

Aldwin, Carolyn, M. and Michael R. Levenson. 2001. “Stress, Coping, and Health at Midlife: a Developmental Perspective.” From Handbook of Midlife Development, edited by M. E. Lachman. New York: John Wiley & sons, Inc.

Allan, Paula Gunn.  “Where I Come From Is Like This.”  In  Feminist Frontiers, Sixth Edition, 2004, edited by Richardson, Laurel, Verta Taylor, and Nancy Whittier.  New York: McGraw Hill.

Arnett, Jeffrey, J.  2003.  “Conceptions of the Transition to Adulthood Among Emerging Adults in American Ethinic Groups”.  In J. Arnett, N. Galambos (eds.). Exploring cultural Conceptions of the Transitiosn in Adulthood.  Stanford CA: Jossey-Bass, 63-75

Begley, Sharon.  “Understanding Perimenopause.”

Blackwood, Evelyn.  2001.  “Women’s Intimate Friendships and Other Affairs: An Ethnographic Overview.”  In Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective, edited by C. Brettell.  New Jersey: Prentic Hall.

Boyd, Sandra, L. and Judith Treas.  1996.  “Family Care of the Frail Elderly:  A New Look at “Women in the Middle”.”  From Aging for the Twenty-First Century, edited by J. Quadagno and D. Street.  Pp. 262-268.  New York:  St. Martin’s.

Brown, Diane R., Verna M. Keith, James S. Jackson, and Lawrence E. Gary.  2003.  “(Dis)Respected and (Dis)regarded: Experiences of Racism and Psychological Distress,” in In and Out of Our Right Minds: The Mental Health of African American Women, edited by Diane R. Brown and Verna M. Keith.  New York: Columbia University Press.

Brown, Judith, K.  1985.  “Introduction.”  From J. Brown & V. Kerns (eds.) In Her Prime:  A New View of Middle-Aged Women.  South Hadley, MA: Bergin and Garvey Pubs.

Brumberg, Joan, J.  and Ruth Striegel-Moore. 1993.  “Continuity and Change in Symptom Choice:  Anorexia.”  From Children in time and Place:  Developmental and Historical Insights, edited by G. Elder, J. Modell & R. Parke.  Note-this is the article attached to the page below by Kelley.

Butler, Robert, N.  1996.  “Dispelling Ageism:  the Cross-Cutting Intervention.”  From Aging for the Twenty-First Century, edited by J. Quadagno and D. Street.  Pp. 131-139.  New York:  St. Martin’s.

C. Corr, C. Nabe & D. Corr.  2003.  Death and Dying, Life and Living.  Belmont.  CA: Wadsworth.

Cairns, Robert, B.  and Beverley D. Cairns.  2002.  “Plotting Developmental Pathways:  Methods, Measures, Models, and Madness.”  From Looking At Lives, edited by E. Phelps, F. Ferstenberg and A. Colby.  Pp. 267-293.  NY:  Russell Sage.

Carr, Deborah, and Jennifer Sheridan.  2001.  “Family Turning-points and Career Transitions at Midlife.”  From Restructuring Work and the Life Course, edited by V. Marshall et al.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press.

Cavanaugh, J.C.  1997.  Adult Development and Aging, 3rd Edition. Chapter 2: Diversity in Adulthood. 

Cavanaugh, J.C. and F. Blanchard.  2002  “Intelligence.”   In Adult Development and Aging, 4th Edition.  Pp. 263-307.  Wadsworth: Thompson Learning

Cavanaugh, J.C. and F. Blanchard.  2002.  “Clinical assessment, Mental Health, and Mental Disorders.”   In Adult Development and Aging, 4th Edition.  Pp. 107-141.  Wadsworth: Thompson Learning.

Cavanaugh, J.C. and F. Blanchard.  2002.  “Personality.”   In Adult Development and Aging, 4th Edition.  Pp. 341-381.  Wadsworth: Thompson Learning.

Cavanaugh, J.C. and F. Blanchard.  2002.  “Studying Adult Development and Aging.”   In Adult Development and Aging, 4th Edition.  Pp. 1-29.  Wadsworth: Thompson Learning.

Cherlin, a. & Furstenberg, f.  1992.  “Styles of Grandparenting.”  From The new American Grandparent:  a Place in the Family, A Life Apart.  Boston:  First Harvard University Press.

Conniff, Richard.  2003.  “Go ahead, Kiss Your Cousin: Heck, Marry Her if You Want to.”  Reprinted with permission from Discover magazine, August 2003, pp. 60-64.

Cowan, Carolyn, P. and Phillip A. Cowan.  2003.  “Becoming a Parent.”  From Family in Transition 12th edition, edited by A Skolnick and J. Skolnick.  Pp. 218-230.  boston:  Allyn & Bacon.

Crenshaw, Albert, B.  2004.  “Her Next Step?  Growing Numbers of American Women Face Retirement Financially Insecure.”  From Race, Class & Gender, edited by P. Rothenberg. Pp. 316-320.  New York:  Worth Publishers.

Eisenberg, Daniel.  2003.  “The coming Job Boom.”  In Human Development: Annual Editions, edited by K. Freiberg.  Guilford, CT:  McGraw hill.

Elder, Glen, H. and Tamara k. Hareven.  1993.  “Rising above life’s disadvantage:  From the Great Depression to war.”  In Children I time and Place:  Developmental and Historical Insights, edited by Elder, G., J. Modell, &  R. Parke.  Melbourne:  Cambridge University Press.

Fausto-Sterling, Anne.  1985.  “Myths of Gender: The Biological Connection,” In Myths of Gender.  New York: Basic Books.  Pp. 233-255.

Ferguson, Susan, J.  2001.  “Challenging Traditional Marriage: Never married Chinese American and Japanese American Women.”  In Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective, edited by C. Brettell & C. Sargent.  New Jersey:  Prentice Hall. 

Flaherty, Mary, J. Sr., Lorna Facteau, and Patricia Garver.  1999.  “The Extended Family:  Grandmother Functions in Multigenerational Families:  An Exploratory Study of Black Adolescent Mothers and Their Infants.”  From The Black Family:  Essays and Studies, edited by R. Seaples.  Pp. 223-231.  Belmont, CA:  Wadsworth.

Foos, P. and M.C. Clark.  2003.  “Memory and Cognition.”  In Human Aging.  Boston: Beacon Press.  Pp. 129-149.

Foos, P. and M.C. Clark.  2003.  “Physical Aspects of Aging: Changes in Our Bodies.”  In Human Aging.  Boston: Beacon Press.  Pp. 31-55.

Foos, P. and M.C. Clark.  2003.  “Relationships.”  In Human Aging.  Boston: Beacon Press.  Pp. 217-261.

Foos, P. and M.C. Clark.  2003.  “Relationships.” From Human Aging.  Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Furstenberg, Frank, F. Et al.  2004.  “Growing Up is Harder to Do.”  Contexts, 3, 33-41.

George, Linda.  1993.  “Sociological Perspectives on Life Transitions.”  Annual Review of Sociology 19: 353-373.

Gerike, Ann, E.  1996.  “On Gray Hair and Oppressed Brains.”  From Aging for the Twenty-First Century, edited by J. Quadagno and D. Street.  Pp. 155-163.  New York:  St. Martin’s.

Gilder, George.  1995 (1992).  “The Glass Ceiling is Not What Limits Women at Work,” in Male/Female Roles: Opposing Viewpoints, edited by Jonathan Petrikin.  Greenhaven Press.  pp. 92-99.

Golemen, Daneil.  2003.  “What’s Your Emotional IQ?”  In Psychology and Personal Growth, edited by N. could & A. Arkoff.  Boston, MA:  Allyn and Bacon 252-255.

Greenwald, John.  2004.  “Elder Care:  Making the Right Choice.”  In Aging, Annual Editions, edited by H. Cox.  Guilford, CT: McGraw Hill.  Pp. 191-194.

Harrell, Stevan. “Growing Old in Rural Taiwan.”  From Pamela T. Amoss & Steven Harrell (eds.), 1981.  Other Ways of Growing Old: anthropological Perspectives.  Stanford University Press.

Hewlett, Barry, S.  2001.  “The Cross-Cultural Nexus of Aka Father-Infant Bonding.”  In C. Brettel & C. Sargent (eds.) Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective.  New Jersey: Prentice hall 45-56.

Hiebert, Paul, G.  “Old Age in a South Indian Village.”  From Pamela T. Amoss & Steven Harrell (eds.), 1981.  Other Ways of Growing Old: Anthropological Perspectives.  Stanford University Press.

Higgins, Paul, C.  1979.  “Outsiders in a Hearing World.”  From Journal of Contemporary Ethnography

Hochschild, Arlie.  2002.  “Love and Gold.”  In Global Woman, edited by Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Hochschild.  Pp. 15-30.

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