Tuesday, February 8, 2011
3:30-4:45 p.m., Room PSY 150
Take This Pill Twice a Day (Forever): Patient Adherence Behavior in the Age of Chronic Illness, Health Disparities and Health Reform
Presenter: Dr. Cynthia Rand, Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins
It is well-recognized that patient health risk behaviors, including smoking, obesity, and sendentary lifestyle have contributed substantially to the epidemic levels of chronic illness in America. Less well-known is the role patient adherence behavior plays in rising health care costs, excess chronic disease morbidity, and premature death. Patient adherence is the necessary link between effective treatments and disease control, however, substantial research suggests that non-adherence with chronic therapy is widespread and a significant contributor to poor helath outcomes and increased health disparities. Understanding the psychosocial, behavioral, and system-level barrieres to patient adherence, as well as factors that promote behavior change is critical to designing effective disease management strategies and reducing health inequities. Toward that end, basic psychological research on motivation, attitudes, emotion, learning, and decision-making has informed the development of novel applied behavioral interventions and health policies to promote patient adherence.