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California State University, Long Beach
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Ande Karllson, MA

August 1992

Gender Differences in Compatibility and Goal Commitment

Compatibility and goal commitment are two important characteristics needed for optimum performance in astronaut crews. Gender differences in compatibility and goal commitment were investigated during a 60 minute flight simulator activity. Four independent variables of gender, gender role orientation, significant developmental other, and previous sports team experience were recorded to determine the influence on the dependent variables of compatibility and goal commitment. Sixty-eight male and female participants volunteered from a large western university and an aerospace company. Teams consisted of six members, in either exclusively male, exclusively female, or equally male and female combinations. Males with a female significant developmental other showed a significant difference in goal commitment F(1, 33) = 4.913, p $<$.034 opposite the prediction. There were no significant differences found for males or females in compatibility. Small sample size and unique experimental design showed more cooperation which is still consistent with literature on team play.