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California State University, Long Beach
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Carey Martens, MA

December 1992

The Effects of Cognitive and Behavior Modeling on In-Basket Performance and Self-efficacy Beliefs

The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of three training techniques: Cognitive modeling, behavior modeling, and no training, on (A) In-Basket performance and (B) self-efficacy beliefs. Thirty-six undergraduates enrolled in a Psychology Research Methods class voluntarily participated in the study.
Results showed that participants who were subject to behavior modeling training produced significantly higher posttest In-Basket performance than the no training group. No significant difference was found on In-Basket performance when comparing the cognitive modeling group with the no training, nor when comparing the behavior modeling group with the cognitive modeling group on In-Basket performance. Results failed to show a significant difference between any of the training groups on self-efficacy beliefs.