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California State University, Long Beach
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Ronit Unger-Aviram, MA

August 1992

Motivating Employees Through an Efficacious Environment: The Impact on perceived self-efficacy and Performance Outcomes of Employees

An efficacious environment was built in a simulated work setting to investigate if the concept of self-efficacy could be applied to the workplace. This environment included all of the components of guided mastery modeling, as suggested by the Social Cognitive Theory. Of main concern was whether an efficacious environment would have an impact on the perceived self-efficacy of the subjects and on performance outcomes. The tasks performed by the subjects included writing out complete APA-style references. Pretest and posttest measures were taken on self-efficacy, quality, and quantity of references. The control condition, proctored by a trained manager, consisted of a self-study session. A trained manager built and maintained an efficacious environment in the experimental condition. The results showed that the efficacious environment had a significant impact on quality of performance outcomes, however no significant effect could be reported for self-efficacy and quantity of performance outcomes.